H2Nord: Hydrogen infrastructure for East Frisia

H2Nord: Hydrogen infrastructure for East Frisia

PROJECTS

Handover of notification in Hanover: (from left to right: Eugen Firus, Sales Manager H2Nord, Energy Minister Christian Meyer, Claas Mauritz Brons, Managing Director H2Nord).Source: MU

Handover of notification in Hanover: (from left to right: Eugen Firus, Sales Manager H2Nord, Energy Minister Christian Meyer, Claas Mauritz Brons, Managing Director H2Nord). ©MU

H2Nord - Development of a hydrogen infrastructure in East Frisia

At the end of January 2023, Lower Saxony's Energy Minister Christian Meyer gave the go-ahead for the development of a green hydrogen infrastructure in Emden and East Frisia. To this end, he handed over a funding notice for a hydrogen production plant to H2Nord GmbH & Co. KG. The construction of a 10 megawatt electrolysis plant including a filling station for mobile storage containers is to be supported with 8 million euros. 

In a next step, H2Nordplans to set up several filling stations for green hydrogen and supply them with self-produced hydrogen from the region. "We urgently need to reduceCO2 emissions in transport in order to achieve our climate targets. Hydrogen is one of the solutions in heavy-duty transport that we absolutely need for a successful energy transition. By setting up hydrogen logistics, we are also increasing the attractiveness of the region, also for the establishment of further industrial and commercial companies," said Lower Saxony's Energy Minister Christian Meyer at the handover ceremony.

A green, regional hydrogen ecosystem is to be created on the basis of locally generated electricity from renewable energies. From 2024, green hydrogen is to be available at filling stations.

The energy future project has a total volume of 19.5 million euros. The state's 8 million euros come from funds under the hydrogen guideline of the Lower Saxony Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Climate Protection. A total of around 80 million euros has been applied for and approved under the directive for pilot and demonstration projects in the hydrogen sector. 

 

You can find more info here

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    CHESS - Development of a hydrogen infrastructure in the Wesermarsch region

    CHESS - Development of a hydrogen infrastructure in the Wesermarsch region

    PROJECTS

    CHESS - Development of a hydrogen infrastructure in the Wesermarsch region

    As part of the CHESS (Compressed Hydrogen Energy Storage Solution) project in Huntorf (Wesermarsch district), EWE and Uniper want to jointly convert their respective existing gas and electricity infrastructures. The aim is to build a new hydrogen infrastructure on site quickly, efficiently and cost-effectively.

    As part of the CHESS joint project, regionally produced electricity from wind and sun will be fed into a 30-megawatt electrolyzer via the existing power grid for green hydrogen production. This will be built jointly by EWE and Uniper in a planned joint venture. The electrolysis process uses electricity to split water into hydrogen. If green electricity is used for this, green hydrogen is produced. This hydrogen can then be transported directly to consumers via the gas grid.

    Hydrogen production and hydrogen storage thought together

    In addition to the production and transport of green hydrogen, the bridge to another EWE project is to be realized as part of CHESS: The connection of the hydrogen infrastructure to an underground cavern storage facility of EWE in Huntorf with the aim of storing green hydrogen and making it available on demand.

    This storage project is part of a connecting large-scale project called "Clean Hydrogen Coastline". It brings together the generation, transport, storage and use of green hydrogen in industry and heavy-duty transport. With this large-scale project, EWE applied for funding under the European IPCEI program (Important Project of Common European Interest) in February 2021 and reached the second stage of the procedure in May 2021. Funding is currently being reviewed at European level.

    The connection of the EWE Uniper project CHESS to the cavern storage facility in Huntorf creates some synergies:

    • Hydrogen generation can be grid-serving, i.e. when there is plenty of wind or sun and consumer energy demand is low, energy can be stored in very large quantities for times of "lulls" and used again later. Seasonal differences in wind and solar conditions can thus be compensated for.
    • Making hydrogen available on demand improves the security of supply for hydrogen users. Large-scale hydrogen storage makes this possible.
    • The cavern site in Huntorf offers potential for an expansion of hydrogen production. Depending on the rate of expansion of the regional hydrogen economy, it would be possible to gradually expand the electrolysis capacity up to the gigawatt scale.

    This is how it should continue

    EWE and Uniper signed a cooperation agreement at the beginning of 2021 to implement the CHESS project. According to the agreement, a joint 30-megawatt electrolyzer will supply the first hydrogen customers from mid-2026. The speed at which the subsequent expansion of hydrogen production capacities can be implemented will be determined by the customers' hydrogen sales and demand.

    More about the project

    Uniper is an international energy company with around 11,500 employees in more than 40 countries. The company plans to become CO2-neutral in European power generation by 2035. With around 33 gigawatts of installed capacity, Uniper is one of the world's largest power producers.

    © Uniper

    ©TU Clausthal

    With around 9,100 employees, EWE AG is one of Germany's largest utilities focusing on corresponding infrastructure in the hydrogen sector.

    © EWE

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      TransHyDE

      TransHyDE

      PROJECTS

      TransHyDE - Development of a hydrogen transport infrastructure

      To meet Germany's demand for green hydrogen and implement the energy transition, large quantities of hydrogen are needed - a not inconsiderable proportion of which must be imported. The hydrogen lead project TransHyDE, which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), therefore aims to further develop transport options in a way that is open to technology and also to create appropriate standards in order to thereby enable the development of the hydrogen infrastructure and support the market ramp-up.

      Our site presents numerous projects that focus on the transport of hydrogen. There are very different approaches, be it transport in high-pressure containers, in existing gas pipelines or by means of green ammonia or liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHC). This technological diversity is to be further investigated as part of the TransHyDE hydrogen lead project - because there is still a great need for research in the fields of action mentioned. In particular, there are currently no uniform regulations in the area of standardization, e.g. standards or safety regulations - which is currently still hindering the market ramp-up. New standards, norms and certifications are therefore needed so that the above-mentioned transport technologies can be quickly integrated into the energy system, and a separate work package within TransHyDE is dedicated to this.

      TransHyDE is being implemented in various sub-projects, in which the various transport options are being looked at in more detail, both in practice and from a research perspective.

      Source: Project Management Jülich on behalf of the BMBF

      The implementation takes place in subprojects (please fold out for further information):

      "Mukran"

      An innovative high-pressure spherical hydrogen storage system is being developed at Mukran Port on the island of Rügen. This should be able to be used on the high seas in the immediate vicinity of offshore wind and electrolysis plants from the H2Mare project. There, green hydrogen is generated by means of wind energy, which is to be stored temporarily in the spherical storage system.

      "GET H2"

      To ensure that hydrogen is available nationwide, the GET H2 project is investigating the use of former natural gas pipelines for hydrogen transport. Currently, there is a lack of norms and monitoring standards for the conversion of natural gas pipelines, which is why GET H2 is establishing a test environment in which material and safety questions can be answered.

      "Campfire"

      The Campfire project will investigate the potential of ammonia for hydrogen transport, focusing in particular on the recovery of hydrogen from ammonia. The aim here is in particular to improve the efficiency with which the hydrogen is re-released.

      "Heligoland"

      In the Helgoland project, a hydrogen logistics chain is being established over land and sea. Via pipeline, the green hydrogen will be brought from the offshore plant of the lead project H2Mare to the island of Helgoland, where it will be bonded with LOHC for further transport. Subsequently, the bonded hydrogen can be shipped using existing infrastructure in a similar way to oil and, in turn, dissolved from the LOHC and made usable in a dehydrogenation plant in the port of Hamburg.

      "Research Alliances"

      A total of five alliances of research institutions support the projects with scientific findings. This involves, for example, materials and component research, operating simulations, or safety-related and ecological issues. The state of knowledge and current recommendations for action are recorded in a roadmap and made available to all project partners.

      Further information

      Three companies from Lower Saxony are participating in the project, which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). These include ROSEN GmbH, Salzgitter Mannesmann Forschung GmbH and Inherent Solutions Consult GmbH & Co. KG

      More about the project you can find here.

      Wilhelmshaven Green Energy Hub

      Wilhelmshaven Green Energy Hub

      PROJECTS

      Source: Tree Energy Solution

      Wilhelmshaven Green Energy Hub

      The import of green hydrogen via hydrogen terminals is a crucial prerequisite for the development of a hydrogen economy in Germany. The coast of Lower Saxony with its deep water port in Wilhelmshaven offers ideal conditions for this. Tree Energy Solution (TES) has therefore decided to build a hydrogen terminal in Wilhelmshaven that will enable the import of green hydrogen on a large scale. The planned terminal comprises six berths and a total of ten tanks with a storage capacity of 2,000,000 cubic meters. According to plans, the terminal will be able to import up to 250 TWh of green gases per year in the future and produce more than 5 million metric tons of hydrogen from them - equivalent to one tenth of Germany's total annual primary energy demand.

      News (11/28/2022): TES and EWE plan to build 500 MW electrolyzer

      As TES and EWE announced at the end of November, a 500 MW electrolyzer is to be built as part of the project. The electrolyzer is scheduled to go into operation from 2028. The capacity of the electrolyzer is to be 500 megawatts, which is to be expanded to a total capacity of 1 gigawatt with another planned plant. 

      To meet its hydrogen needs, Germany will have to import green hydrogen from various countries in the future. This requires the appropriate infrastructure, which enables the landing, storage and transport into the hydrogen pipeline network. This is precisely what is envisaged in the Wilhelmshaven Green Energy Hub project, which is being implemented by Tree Energy Solution (TES). To this end, six ship berths are to be built in Wilhelmshaven that are "Suezmax-compatible" - so that large ships can also land in Wilhelmshaven ("Suezmax" describes a ship size that is permissible for passage through the Suez Canal when loaded).

      TES also wants to produce the green hydrogen itself - in countries with a very high supply of hydro, wind or solar power. Renewables are used for electrolysis in the producing countries to initially produce green hydrogen. After electrolysis, carbon dioxide is added to the hydrogen to produce green CH4 (methane), which can then be transported by shipping fleet to Wilhelmshaven. Here, the CH4 is converted back to hydrogen, and the resultingCO2 is captured and returned to the producing countries in a recirculation system for further use.

      Source: Tree Energy Solution

      Wilhelmshaven Green Energy Hub in the model

      From 2026, the terminal is scheduled to begin operations and thus the first import of green molecules. In this initial phase, 25 TWh of green methane per year are expected to be imported - from this, more than half a million tons of hydrogen can be produced. During the ramp-up phase starting in 2030, output will be successively increased so that eventually up to 250 TWh per year - and thus more than 5 million tons of hydrogen - can be imported or produced.

      The project intends to take advantage of the good site conditions in Wilhelmshaven and make use of the storage and transport infrastructure currently being built in Lower Saxony. Thus, a link to the underground salt cavern storage facilities in Etzel is to be established and the pipelines built and rededicated as part of the H2ercules project are to be used to enable transport to industrial consumers in the west and south of Germany. With high import volumes of up to 250 TWh, the project is expected to contribute to security of supply in Germany and the EU.

      More about the project

      About TES

      Tree Energy Solutions (TES) is a green hydrogen company that provides CO2-neutral energy to industry and consumers - in the form of green hydrogen, green gas and green electricity. To build a network with global reach, TES is currently developing sites in Germany, Belgium, France, the Netherlands and the United States to import and distribute energy.

      Green Octopus Central Germany (GO!)

      Green Octopus Central Germany (GO!)

      PROJECTS

      Source: ONTRAS

      Pipeline construction of ONTRAS Gastransport GmbH

      Green Octopus Central Germany (GO!)

      It is not without reason that the development of the German hydrogen economy is focused on the coastal region in northern Germany with its good import possibilities by sea, salt cavern storage facilities and a high supply of renewable energies. However, an extensive hydrogen infrastructure is also currently being built in eastern and central Germany with H2 transport networks and hydrogen storage facilities. The Green Octopus Central Germany "GO!" project by ONTRAS Gastransport and VNG Gasspeicher plays a key role in this and will, among other things, connect the Salzgitter steel region and the Helmstedt coalfield with the eastern German hydrogen network and the future hydrogen storage facility in Bad Lauchstädt. To this end, pipelines with a total length of around 305 kilometers will be converted or newly constructed for hydrogen transport.

      From 2027, the project initiators ONTRAS Gastransport and VNG Gasspeicher want to enable safe hydrogen transport between the Central German chemical triangle, the Halle-Leipzig metropolitan region, the Magdeburg region, and also the Salzgitter steel region. To this end, the GO! project will create a 305-kilometer pipeline network linking the eastern German hydrogen network to the west with the European Hydrogen Backbone. This will create an interconnection which will open up an important route to the east for the German and also the European hydrogen network.

      Although a large part of the planned network runs in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, the project is nevertheless also of great significance for Lower Saxony, as the Salzgitter / Hanover / Wolfsburg hub will also be accessed from the east by the pipeline. In addition, the pipeline network, together with access to further import points and the storage facilities in Saxony-Anhalt, offers greater security of supply for steel production in Salzgitter. A central component of the project is in fact the connection of a cavern storage facility in Bad Lauchstädt, which is to have a working gas volume of 50 million cubic meters.

      Source: ONTRAS

      The planned lines in the "Green Octopus Central Germany" project

      The development of the cavern storage facility will be carried out by VNG Gasspeicher - the construction and conversion of the pipeline network by ONTRAS Gastransport. To implement the project, ONTRAS is expressly relying on existing infrastructure: 190 kilometers of existing gas pipeline network will merely be converted for the transport of hydrogen. 115 kilometers will be newly added - 47 kilometers of which will be in Lower Saxony alone (between Salzgitter and Hötensleben).

      Due to its central importance for the European hydrogen network of the future (European Hydrogen Backbone), the GO! project was selected by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology as an IPCEI (Important Projects of Common European Interest) in 2021 and the funding was taken into account in the cabinet decision at the end of August.

      More about the project

      Project participants

      ONTRAS Gastransport GmbH is a long-distance pipeline operator based in Leipzig. ONTRAS operates Germany's second-longest long-distance gas network with approx. 7,500 kilometers of pipeline and around 450 network interconnection points.

      VNG AG, headquartered in Leipzig, is a gas and gas infrastructure group with over 20 companies in Germany and Europe. VNG Gasspeicher is a wholly owned subsidiary of VNG AG and is engaged in the construction and operation of underground gas storage facilities.

      Northern Green Crane

      Northern Green Crane

      PROJECTS

         

      Source: Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies

      Image: ©Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies Ltd.

      Northern Green Crane

      The Northern Green Crane project aims to link hydrogen production in Sweden with demand centers in Central Europe - including Lingen in the Emsland region. To this end, green hydrogen will first be produced in Sweden, which will then be made transportable and storable with the help of a liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC). The LOHC is then shipped by sea via Rotterdam and the Ems to Lingen. There, hydrogen will be released from the LOHC in a planned dehydrogenation plant and made usable for local industry and fed into the local hydrogen pipeline network.

      According to the National Hydrogen Strategy, a large proportion of green hydrogen will have to be imported to meet Germany's hydrogen needs. The Northern Green Crane project aims to do just that on a large scale. The green hydrogen is to be produced in Sweden using renewable energies such as wind and hydropower and made transportable and storable with the help of LOHC technology.

      The green hydrogen can thus first be brought to Rotterdam by sea and then transported to Lingen by barge. In Lingen, Hydrogenious plans to build a dehydrogenation plant that can release hydrogen from the LOHC at a capacity of 12 tons per day. The hydrogen produced in this way will then be made available to local industry or fed into the local hydrogen pipeline network as part of the GET H2 initiative.

      Source: Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies

      The project is expected to enable the supply of green hydrogen on an industrial scale from 2026. By using the LNG infrastructure, it should then be possible to supply up to 8,000 tons of green hydrogen per year.

      The goal of Northern Green Crane is to establish a large-volume European value chain for green hydrogen using LOHC. The project is therefore funded by the Ministry of Economy and Climate Protection and has also been pre-selected as a Hydrogen IPCEI (Important Projects of Common European Interest) in 2021 (or its predecessor - see info box below).

      10/2022: H2 production site relocated from Spain to Sweden

      As Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies GmbH announced at the beginning of October, the hydrogen production site of the "Green Crane" project will be moved from Spain to Sweden. This gives the project the new name "Northern Green Crane". Since Spain initially wants to meet its own national needs for green hydrogen, the project's H2 production site must be moved to Sweden, the company said. However, the hydrogen landing sites (such as Lingen) are not affected by the change.

      Partner

      Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies GmbH , based in Bavaria, was founded in 2013 and offers solutions for the safe and efficient transport of hydrogen with LOHC technology.

      Vopak is a Dutch company involved in the storage and distribution of oil, gas and chemical products. The company wants to open up new value chains in the hydrogen economy and expand hydrogen mobility.

      In the GETH2 project, a nationwide infrastructure with the coupling of all sectors is being developed. Regions with a high supply of renewables are to be directly connected to hydrogen production and consumption by means of the necessary infrastructure. 12 partners are involved in the project.